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15th Field Artillery Regiment
1917 - 2008

15
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     Korean War Timeline     

Outlined below is a "time line" of the United States
involvement in the Korean War
    

90mm guns ready to lay down a barrage

90mm guns support the 5th Regimental Combat Team,
1st Cav Division, on the Taegu front lines
Photo: US Army

   

15 Aug 45 - Korea divided into US and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel

26 July 47 - President Truman's National Security Act creates US Department of Defense

15 Aug 48 - After supervised elections, US military government turns over power to Republic of Korea

25 Jun 50 - North Korean People's Army invades South Korea - UN calls for an end of aggression

38th Parallel sign

Sign erected by 1st Cavalry Division at 38th Parallel
showing where the Korean conflict began
Photo: US Army

   

27 Jun 50 - UN asks member countries to aid Republic of Korea - US announces intervention. North Korea attacks Seoul airfield.

28 Jun 50 - US bombers attack troops in Han River area - North Korean army captures Seoul

30 Jun 50 - President Truman orders ground forces into Korea and authorizes Air Force to bomb North Korea

5 Jul 50 - Near Osan, Task Force Smith troops fight for the first time and suffer heavy casualties

18 Jul 50 - US Cavalry lands at Pohangdong - US aircraft destroy key oil refinery in Wonsan

22 Jul 50 - Battle for Taejon ends with heavy US losses and retreat

4 Aug 50 - Pusan perimeter established in southeastern Korea

13 Aug 50 - First UN counterattack collapses

15 Aug 50 - Four-day battle of "the Bowling Alley" - UN forces hold back North Korean offensive

15 Sep 50 - Inchon landing of UN forces

29 Sep 50 - UN troops complete recapture of Seoul

7 Oct 50 - UN forces cross 38th parallel - UN sanctions defeat of North Korea and attempted reunification

14 Oct 50 - Chinese Communist troops cross Yalu River into Korea

19 Oct 50 - UN captures P'yongyang, the North Korean capital

1 Nov 50 - Chinese attack in force near Unsan

24 Nov 50 - General Douglas MacArthur's final "Home by Christmas" offensive begins

11 Dec 50 - End of Chinese strike against marine and army divisions at Chosin Reservoir - marines retreat

4 Jan 51 - Seoul captured by Chinese

25 Jan 51 - UN forces resume offensive

11 Feb 51 - Chinese counteroffensive begins north of Hoengsong

1 Mar 51 - UN line reaches between the 37th and 38th Parallels

18 Mar 51 - UN forces retake Seoul

11 Apr 51 - MacArthur recalled - General Matthew Ridgway given command

13 Jun 51 - UN forces dig in on the 38th Parallel

10 Jul 51 - Truce talks begin at Kaesong - Communists break off talks six weeks later

Salvaging shell casings for reuse

6 September 1951
Korean laborers unloading empty shell casings at the
2nd Infantry Division Ordnance Salvage Dump
Photo: US Army

   

23 Sep 51 - UN forces take Heartbreak Ridge after 18-day battle

27 Nov 51 - Truce talks resume at Panmunjom

28 Mar 53 - North Korean and Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange

18 Apr 53 - Three-day battle of Pork Chop Hill ends in victory for UN forces

26 Apr 53 - Full peace talks resume at Panmunjom

14 Jun 53 - Communist offensive pushes Republic of Korea troops south

18 Jun 53 - South Koreans release 27,000 North Korean POWs, who refuse repatriation

25 Jun 53 - "Little Truce Talks" secure Republic of Korea's acceptance of armistice. Chinese launch massive attacks against South Korean divisions.

10 Jul 53 - Communists return to negotiations

27 Jul 53 - Cease fire signed - fighting ends 12 hours later

4 Sep 53 - Processing of POWs for repatriation begins at Freedom Village, Panmunjom


From the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
June 2000

As we mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean War,
we present important facts about the veterans of that war
period, June 27, 1950 to January 31, 1955.
   

Historical Facts

·     Actual hostilities occurred from June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1953.  However, the war period was extended to January 31, 1955 by Congress to define a period of benefit eligibility in the wake of uneasy peace negotiations after July 27, 1953.  

·     There were 6.8 million American men and women who served during the Korean War period, June 27,1950 to January 31, 1955.

·     There were 54,200 deaths to Americans in service during the period of hostilities, June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1953.  Of these, 33,700 were actual battle deaths.

·     There were 7,140 POW’s during the Korean War.  Of these, 4,418 returned to the United States, 2,701 died, and 21 refused repatriation.

·     There have been 131 recipients of the Congressional Medal of Honor among Korean War veterans.

 

Demographic Characteristics

In mid-calendar year 2000:

·     There are an estimated 3.9 million Korean War veterans in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, down about 21 percent from the nearly 5 million Korean War veterans in 1990.

·     Korean War veterans make up nearly 16 percent of the 24.4 million total veterans.

·     An estimated 848,000 Korean War veterans also served in other war periods: 171,000 in both WWII and Vietnam, 404,000 only in WWII, and 273,000 only in Vietnam.  

·     An estimated 86,300 Korean War veterans are women, making up 7 percent of the estimated number of all female veterans.

·     The median age of Korean War veterans is estimated to be 69 years, with an estimated 336,500 under age 65, 3.25 million aged 65 to 74, and an estimated 363,600 aged 75 or older.

·     The top five states with respect to the estimated number of Korean War veterans are: California (430,800); Florida (294,000); Texas (243,300); New York (220,100); and Pennsylvania (201,400), reflecting the geographic distribution of the veteran population in general. (See table for state veteran populations.)

 

According to the March 1999 Current Population Survey:

·     Eighty percent of male Korean War veterans were married at the time of the survey, a proportion similar to non-veteran males of comparable age (65-74).

 

Between July 1999 and June 2000:

·     There were an estimated 117,600 deaths among Korean War veterans.

 

According to the 1990 Census:  

·     The racial composition of the 4.9 million Korean War veterans in the U.S. was: 4.5 million white (92 percent); 339,400 African American (7 percent); 30,400 American Indian (less than 1 percent), Eskimo or Aleut; 39,300 Asian or Pacific Islander (less than 1 percent); and 35,000 of other races (less than 1 percent).  There were an estimated 133,500 Hispanics (3 percent), who may be of any race, among Korean War veterans.

 

By 2010:

·     The number of Korean War veterans is projected to be just under 2.5 million, down 37 percent from the number estimated for 2000.

·     Korean War veterans are projected to make-up 12 percent of the 20.1 million projected veterans.

·     The number of female Korean War veterans is projected to be 61,600, making up nearly 5 percent of the projected number of all female veterans.
   
The median age of Korean War veterans is projected to be 78.5. 
No Korean War veteran is projected to be under the age of 70.  Most Korean War veterans, 56 percent, are projected to be between the ages of 75 and 79.  About one-third, however, are projected to be 80 or older.


Korea - Participants and Casualties
By: Richard Kolb with Tom Campbell and Dick Ecker
Credit: VFW Magazine - June/July 2003
   

Troops serving in theater

Service

Number

% of Total

Hostile Deaths

% of Total

ARMY

1,153,000

64%

27,731 82%

NAVY

265,000

15%

506 1%

AIR FORCE

241,000

14%

1,238 4%

MARINES

130,000

7%

4,266 13%

Totals

1,789,000

-

33,741

-

   

     Korean War dates: June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953     

   

US Army hostile deaths by
combat arms branch

Infantry

22,765

82%

Artillery

2,332

8%

Engineers

850

3%

Medical

830

3%

Armor

530

2%

Note: These branches account for 98% of all 27,731 Army hostile deaths.

   

     Peak U.S. Troop Strength - July 1953 - 325,270     

   

10 deadliest battles

Battle

Combat Fatalities*

Dates

Pusan Perimeter

3,603

8/4/50 - 9/16/50

Chosin Reservoir

1,641

11/27/50 - 12/9/50

Kunu-ri

1.194

11/29/50 - 12/1/50

Naktong Breakout

834

9/16/50 - 9/27/50

Hoengsong  [story]

773

2/11/51 - 2/13/51

Taejon

638

7/19/50 - 7/20/50

Heartbreak Ridge

616

9/13/51 - 10/15/51

Kum River

490

7/13/50 - 7/16/50

Unsan

454

11/1/50 - 11/2/50

Soyang River

406

5/17/51 - 5/20/51

*This includes killed in action, died of wounds, died while POW and MIAs later declared KIA.

   

     November 26 - December 2, 1950     
     Deadliest US week (KIA)     
     3,628     

   


Top 10 number of deaths by State
   


California

2,611

Pennsylvania

2,401

New York

2,373

Ohio

1,823

Illinois

1,789

Texas

1,779

Michigan

1,492

Missouri

944

Indiana

920

Kentucky

886

   


 


   

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