And it's one, two, three,
what are we fightin' for?
Country Joe McDonald
Peace symbol from extra powder
Central Highlands -- Kontum
6/14th Arty, 1st Field Forces
Photo: Dennis Proulx
Background sound track - "Radio First Termer" -
The Dave Rabbit radio show was an underground
"outlaw" radio show in Vietnam during the war
GI flashing peace sign
FSB Veghel, Vietnam
Photo: Don Aird
|No study of the Vietnam War would be complete without a long, serious look at the anti-war movement. The Vietnam War became very controversial in the late 1960's and early 70's.|
LATER NEWS REPORTS...
point to the TET Offensive in early 1968 as the major turning point for increased anti-war
sentiment in the US, even though Viet Cong forces were severely decimated in their
Late in the war, even Vietnam Veterans began to sponsor anti-war rallies in Washington, DC. During one such rally, veterans threw their medals away to indicate their disgust with the ongoing war.
LATER NEWS REPORTS..
'Peace signs' began
to appear more frequently in Vietnam after 1968. The "V" hand signal,
which meant "Victory" during World War 2, became as common as the traditional
"upside down Y" peace sign.
|Depending on a person's opinion of the Vietnam War, you were considered either a "hawk" (pro-war) or a "dove" (anti-war). These sorts of divisions even occurred within families, symbolizing the great emotional turmoil which was created by the United States longest war, half-a-world away in Southeast Asia.|
is a crime. Ask the infantry and the dead."
The Just War Doctrine
discussion about "just" wars...
whether or not a particular war is just.
certain religions are forbidden to participate
in a war if it is considered to be unjust.
Most scholars point to
the 5th Century and St. Augustine of Hippo
as the formulator of the 7-point "Just War Doctrine"
THE JUST WAR DOCTRINE
Objection and Alternative Service
(Source: Selective Service System - May 30, 2002 revision)
He may provide written documentation or include personal appearances by people he knows who can attest to his claims. His written statement might explain:
The local board will decide whether to grant or deny a CO classification based on the evidence a registrant has presented.
A man may appeal a Local Board's decision to a Selective Service District Appeal Board. If the Appeal Board also denies his claim, but the vote is not unanimous, he may further appeal the decision to the National Appeal Board.
Length of service in the program will equal the amount of time a man would have served in the military, usually 24 months.
"To delight in war is a merit in the soldier,
a dangerous quality in the captain, and
a positive crime in the statesman."
from a memoir about the Vietnam War...
"When Heaven and Earth Changed Places --
A Vietnamese Woman's Journey from War to Peace"
by Le Ly Hayslip with Jay Wurts
A long time ago, in a fight for justice -- a fight over strong beliefs about right and wrong -- a proud boy chopped off another boy's arm with his family's sword. The victorious boy, believing the battle was over, gave thanks, sheathed his weapon, and went home.
The boy lived with his grandmother, who taught him to always be good and honorable; and with an orphan girl, whom the grandmother had raised to be an honorable wife for her grandson.
Not long after the fight, a call to battle reached their house. The king's messenger told them a great war was beginning that would test the power of good against evil. Understandably, the boy had two minds about responding. He believed in goodness and virtue, of course, and had proved it in his fight with the wrong-headed boy whom he had maimed. But he was soon to marry his fiancée, too, and was anxious to begin a family.
To resolve this dilemma, the boy consulted his wise old grandmother (who had taught him everything about the past), and his fiancée (who shared his dreams about the future), and asked them what to do. Because the grandmother loved virtue and justice about all things, she said the boy should go to war without hesitation. Because the girl loved the boy and also respected the grandmother's opinions, she too said the boy should go and promised to wait faithfully for him no matter how long the war should last.
So the boy went with the messenger and was gone a long time, during which he distinguished himself in many battles. When he returned, however, he found his home in shambles. The crops had failed, the animals had run away, and the house itself lay in disrepair. When he opened the door, he was greeted by his fiancée, who now looked as old as the grandmother he remembered.
"What happened?" he asked in astonishment. "Why has my home been ruined? Where is my grandmother? What's happened to you?"
"It was horrible," the fiancée said, falling weeping in his arms. "After you left, the boy whose arm you cut off came back and took revenge against us. He killed your grandmother and chopped her into pieces, then he raped me, pillaged our house, and burned our farm."
The boy-turned-soldier already had his ancestral sword half drawn in rage when he cried, "I will avenge this atrocity! Justice and virtue must prevail!"
On his way down the road, he stopped at his grandmother's grave and prayed for the strength and courage he would need to avenge her. While he was praying, his old enemy appeared. But instead of striking him from behind or calling him to combat, the enemy fell to his knees and begged the soldier to behead him for the wrong he had committed.
The soldier, believing his prayer for justice had been answered, drew his sword and prepared to strike, when a bell sounded in a nearby temple. The soldier paused as a song, born on the wind in a chorus of ghostly voices -- now his grandmother's, now the victims he and his ancestors had killed in war, now the voices of his own children yet-to-be-born -- filled the air around him:
We must hurry to
To forgive our
brother is to forgive
If I take revenge,
it will be the cause;
The soldier, having had his passion interrupted by the bell and his spirit awakened by the song, put away his sword and helped his enemy get up.
"Go your own way," the soldier said. "I took your arm, and that cannot be replaced; but I could have had your life, and this I have returned to you."
"Go your way in peace," the one-armed man replied. "I took your loved ones, it's true, and what's done cannot be undone; but I, too, have returned to you your life: for my brothers would have avenged me even though you had my head."
So the two men, no longer boys, parted and began new lives. To commemorate the breaking of the circle of vengeance, the temple bell now rings twice each day and reminds people to arrest their passions long enough to think; and having thought, to hear the song of enlightenment.
|Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors||American Friends Service Committee|
|Vietnam Veterans Against the War||VIETNAM - An Antiwar Comic Book|
|Catholic Worker||Dewey Canyon III|
|War Resisters League|
|Americans Against Bombing||Gone to Flowers, Every One|
|Federation of American Scientists||United Nations Office at Geneva|
|The Antiwar Movement We Are Supposed to Forget||Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford|
|Disarmament Clearinghouse||MoJo Wire:
U.S. Arms Sales
|Anti-War.com||Not in our Name|
|International Action Center|
|Peace.Protest.Net||Stop the War Coalition|
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